After severe declines in equipment and software investment in Q1 and Q2 due to the effects of COVID-19 and the impact of social distancing measures on the U.S. economy, investment in equipment and software is projected to improve relative to the first half of the year as businesses reopen.
With substantial uncertainty owing to the pandemic, equipment and software investment growth is forecast to between -5.6% and -9.6%. With GDP growth measured relative to the prior quarter, unless Q3 involves an extended nationwide economic shutdown, positive growth for the U.S. economy is highly likely in the second half of the year, with an annual growth rate forecast to between -4.0% and -7.3%, according to the Q3 update to the 2020 Equipment Leasing & Finance U.S. Economic Outlook released by the Equipment Leasing & Finance Foundation.
“This update to the U.S. Economic Outlook illustrates the wide-ranging impacts that COVID-19 has had on equipment and software investment as well as on broader economic factors, including credit, the small business outlook, consumer finances, and business financial stress,” noted Scott Thacker, foundation chair and CEO of Ivory Consulting Corporation. “The pandemic stalled business investment in the first half of 2020 and the near-term outlook for most equipment verticals is bleak. Computer and manufacturing investment may be the rare bright spots in the latter half of the year as manufacturers and businesses create ways to safely open.”
Highlights from the Q3 update include:
- Equipment and software investment contracted 10.5% annualized in Q1 2020, the sharpest decline since the Great Recession. Although investment growth is likely to remain weak by historical standards in most sectors over the next three to six months, some verticals, including computers, could see stronger demand.
- The U.S. economy contracted 5% annualized in Q1 and is expected to shrink by 25% to 35% annualized in Q2. While the worst of the downturn appears to be over due in large part to an unprecedented level of federal assistance, a full economic recovery is unlikely until 2021 at the earliest. The manufacturing sector suffered in March and April based on various measures of activity, but showed signs of improvement in May as new orders, shipments, and the ISM manufacturing index all rose.
- Stimulus efforts have helped forestall a wave of Main Street bankruptcies, but new virus flare-ups are disrupting some reopening efforts, further stressing many small businesses.
- The Federal Reserve has implemented historic measures to boost liquidity in financial markets. The federal funds rate remains at its zero-lower bound, the Fed’s balance sheet has expanded by $3 trillion and the Fed has implemented a new program to backstop loans to nonfinancial firms, all of which will ensure ultra-low interest rates for the foreseeable future.
The Foundation-Keybridge U.S. Equipment & Software Investment Momentum Monitor, which is released in conjunction with the Economic Outlook, tracks 12 equipment and software investment verticals. In addition, the Momentum Monitor Sector Matrix provides a customized data visualization of current values of each of the 12 verticals based on recent momentum and historical strength. Momentum readings are below the five-year average in 11 of 12 verticals, with computers being the lone exception, and 9 of 12 verticals are decelerating.
Over the next three to six months:
- Construction machinery investment growth is expected to contract.
- Materials handling equipment investment growth is likely to decline further.
- All other industrial equipment investment growth is likely to further contract.
- Mining and oilfield machinery investment growth is likely to decline sharply.
- Trucks investment growth is likely to fall steeply.
- Agriculture machinery investment growth is expected to remain negative.
- Aircraft investment growth should remain negative.
- Ships and boats investment growth is likely to remain negative and may contract further.
- Railroad equipment investment growth is likely to weaken significantly.
- Medical equipment investment growth is projected to remain stagnant and could weaken.
- Computers investment growth appears likely to improve modestly.
- Software investment growth is likely to slow but should remain positive.
The full report of the Momentum Monitor is now available at https://www.leasefoundation.org/industry-resources/momentum-monitor/.
The Foundation produces the Equipment Leasing & Finance U.S. Economic Outlook report in partnership with economic and public policy consulting firm Keybridge Research. The annual economic forecast provides the U.S. macroeconomic outlook, credit market conditions, and key economic indicators. The Q3 report is the second update to the 2020 Economic Outlook and will be followed by one more quarterly update before the publication of the 2021 Economic Outlook in December.
Download the Q3 update report at https://www.leasefoundation.org/industry-resources/u-s-economic-outlook/.